The oldest winery in the world

“Wine… the intellectual part of the meal.” (Alexandre Dumas, 1873)

In 2020, about 260 million hectoliters of wine were produced worldwide. That is 50,000 liters of wine per minute. About 10,000 varieties of wine grapes exist in the world. However, wine is older than recorded human history. Wine has been loved since ancient times. It was frequently praised by writers, storytellers, artists, and historians. In those times, people considered wine to be a magical gift of nature. Aesop and Homer have frequently mentioned wine in their works. Ancient Greeks even had a god of wine, Dionysus (1500-11000 BC). Hippocrates has mentioned wine in his recorded remedies. He used it to cure fevers and as a general antiseptic more than 2000 years ago. But where did the production of wine begin?

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