9th of April 1989

Tulips, a word that is easily associated with the day when the history of my country was written, that is, tragedy, the pain of the country, the cry of the nation and the soul for freedom, the Georgia of the future, which would become a united, strong, proud and independent, democratic country. April 9 entered the history of Georgia in two ways- Chain of the tragedy of 1989 and 1991 by declaring the restoration of independence.

1989 was a year characterized by courage, sacrifice, and the commitment to freedom.  From the fall of the Berlin Wall to the heroic stand of those in Tiananmen Square, the world watched as citizens stood up for democratic values. In Georgia, on the 9th of April, 21 people paid the ultimate price, while hundreds more were injured at the hands of the Soviet Army as they peacefully demonstrated for freedom.

After this bloody night, the communist regime in Georgia practically collapsed. The government of Georgia, under pressure from the national movement and public opinion, in 1990 was forced to pass several resolutions, in fact, declaring the Soviet government in Georgia illegal. Elections were scheduled for October 28, 1990. The Communist Party was defeated, and the political organization “Round Table – Free Georgia” headed by Zviad Gamsakhurdia won.

On March 31, 1991, a referendum was held in Georgia, during which the population had to answer the question whether they wanted to restore independence on the basis of the independence act of May 26, 1918. Almost 91 percent of the total population took part in the referendum, 99 percent of whom answered the question in the affirmative.

On basis of this referendum, exactly two years later, on April 9, 1991, at 12:30 at an extraordinary meeting, an act on the restoration of Georgia’s independence was adopted.

“It is symbolic to announce on April 9 the restoration of Georgia’s independence, since that day the fate of Georgia was being decided. The souls of the April 9 martyrs rejoice for us, because their will has been fulfilled, the will of the Georgian people to greet independent Georgia has been fulfilled. God bless us, ”said Zviad Gamsakhurdia, who later became the first president of Georgia.

To sum up, thank you for the independence!

-Tamar Bichiashvili

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